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Birds of Israel - Checklist

The birds of Israel Checklist

Checklist of birds

List of bird recorded in Israel

Official bird list of Israel


Quick navigation:
STRUTHIONIFORMES, GAVIIFORMES, PODICIPEDIFORMES & PROCELLARIIFORMES - Ostrich to Storm-petrels
PELECANIFORMES & CICONIFORMES - Tropicbird to Ibis
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES & ANSERIFORMES - Flamingo to Ducks
ACCIPITRIFORMES - Raptors
FALCONIFORMES, GALLIFORMES & GRUIFORMES - Falcons to Bustards
CHARADRIIFORMES - Waders
PTEROCLIDIFORMES, COLUMBIFORMES, PSITTACIFORMES & CUCULIFORMES - Sandgrouses to Cuckoos
STRIGIFORMES, CAPRIMULGIFORMES & APODIFORMES - Owls to Hoopoe
CORACIIFORMES, PICIFORMES & PASSERIFORMES - Kingfishers to Larks

Legend
 X   Not seen for over 50 years   
 E   Extremly Rare   
 V   Very Rare   
 R   Rare   
 FR   Fairly Rare   
 U   Uncommon   
 F   Fairly Common   
 C   Common   
Passage MigrantPM
Summer VisitorSV
Winter VisitorWV
Summer BreedingSB
Over-SummeringOS


English NameLatin NameJFMAMJJASONDStatus
STRUTHIONIFORMES
Struthionidae
OstrichStruthio camelus x x x x x x x x x x x x Extinct since 1920s
GAVIIFORMES
Gaviidae
Red-throated LoonGavia stellata E     E               E 4 records, last on 2001
Black-throated LoonGavia arctica v v v               v v Occasional WV
PODICIPEDIFORMES
Podicipedidae
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus     E E E E E           3 records (1909, 1981, 1993)
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis F F U U U r r U U U F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV, formerly bred
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV, SV
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus F U U U fr fr fr fr U U F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV, formerly bred
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena         E         E   E 5 records, last on 2015
PROCELLARIIFORMES
Diomedeidae
Shy AlbatrossThalassarche cauta   E                     1 record (1981)
Procellariidae
Atlantic PetrelPterodroma incerta       E E               2 records (1982, 1989)
Fea's PetrelPterodroma feae   E                     1 record (1963)
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis     E                   1 record (1997)
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea r r r U U r r r r r r r PM, WV, wanderer
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas   E     E E E E E       4 records (1992, 1993, 2003, 2008)
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes               E         1 record (1980)
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseus fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr PM, WV
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus           E             1 (pending) record (2014)
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis E E                     3 records (1976, 1985, 1995)
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis E                       2 records (1988, 1996)
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri         E E           E 4 records (1985, 1989, 1992, 1999)
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicus E   E                   2 records (1982, 2002)
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan F F F fr fr fr fr fr fr U F F PM, WV
Hydrobatidae
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus E E             E   E E 5 records, last on 1986
Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus             E           1 record (1983)
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa r r r               r r Irruptive WV
Madeiran Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro             E           1 record (1983)
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhis E     E         E       4 records, last on 2004
PELECANIFORMES
Phaethontidae
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus     v v v v v v     v   Occasional at the Gulf of Eilat
Sulidae
Northern GannetMorus bassanus U U U U U E E E E E U U WV
Brown BoobySula leucogaster r r r r r r r r r r r r Locally rare at Eilat
Masked BoobySula dactylatra             E           1 record (2004)
Phalacrocoracidae
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis E E E E E E E E E E E E 1 record (2005-6)
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo C C C U U r r r U F C C WV, PM, non-breeding SV
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmeus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV
Fregatidae
Lesser FrigatebirdFregrata ariel         E             E 2 records (1997, 1999)
Anhingidae
African DarterAnhinga rufa         E               WV till the 50's, now straggler (reported 2004)
Pelecanidae
White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus F F C C C fr fr fr C C C F WV, PM, non-breeding SV
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispus E E E E           E E E 8 records, last on 2004
Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescens     E E E E E E         8 records, last on 2015
CICONIFORMES
Ardeidae
Great BitternBotaurus stellaris U U U fr fr         fr U U WV, PM
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus v v U U U fr fr U U U r v WV, PM, SV
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV, SV
Mangrove HeronButorides striatus fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr Local breeder at the gulf of Eilat
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermedia                   E     1 record (2004)
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides fr fr U F F U U F F F U fr PM, WV, SV
Little EgretEgretta garzetta C C C C C F F C C C C C Resident, PM, WV, SV
Western Reef HeronEgretta gularis fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr non-breedibg visitor (local at Eilat)
Great EgretCasmerodius albus F F F F U r r r U F F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Grey HeronArdea cinerea C C C C U U U C C C C C PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Purple HeronArdea purpurea fr U F F F fr fr F F F U fr PM, WV, SV
Goliath HeronArdea goliath     E E         E E     6 records, last on 1993
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca                   E     1 record (1982)
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala                   E E E 1 record (1987)
Ciconiidae
Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumeniferus       E E               2 records (1951, 1957)
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis   v v v v v v v v v     Occasional, last on 1997
White StorkCiconia ciconia U C C C C fr fr C C C C U PM, WV, SV (rare breeder)
Black StorkCiconia nigra U F C C U U U U C C U U PM, WV, OS
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus U U F F F U U F F U U U (Resident), PM, WV, SV
Northern Bald IbisGeronticus eremita     E E E     E E       Occasional
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia F F F F U fr fr U F F F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES
Phoenicopteridae
Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber U U U U U fr fr fr U U U U PM, WV, present yearound at Eilat, non-breeding
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minor     E E E E             1 record (2006)
ANSERIFORMES
Anatidae
Mute SwanCygnus olor r r r r             r r WV (irruptive)
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus E E E                 E 4 records, last on 2002
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus v v v               v v Occasional WV
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons r r r r           r r r PM, WV
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropus E E     E             E 5 records, last on 1992
Greylag GooseAnser anser r r r r             r r PM, WV
Bean GooseAnser fabalis     E                   2 records (2007,2011)
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollis E E                 E E Irregular WV
Lesser Whistling DuckDendrocygna javanica E E E               E E 1 record (1966), possibly an escape
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacus C C C C C C C C C C C C Migrants accidental till 80's. Recent records are of a feral populations.
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna U U U U r v v r r U U U PM, WV, OS
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea fr fr fr r r r r r r r fr fr PM, WV, non-breeding SV (formerly bred)
MallardAnas platyrhynchos C C C C U U U U C C C C Resident, SV, PM, WV
GadwallAnas strepera U U U fr r r r r r U U U PM, WV, OS
Northern PintailAnas acuta F F F F U v v U F F F F PM, WV, OS
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata C C C C C U r U C C C C PM, WV, OS
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope F F F F U U v v U F F F PM, WV, OS
Common TealAnas crecca C C C C F r r F C C C C PM, WV, OS
Cape TealAnas capensis         E E E E E E     3 records (1978, 1982, 1984)
Red-billed TealAnas erythrorhyncha           E E           1 record (1958)
GarganeyAnas querquedula r U F F F fr fr F C F F r PM, WV, SV (very rare breeder)
Marbled DuckMarmaronetta angustirostris fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr Resident (local)
Common PochardAythya ferina C C C F U v v v U F C C PM, WV, OS
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina fr fr fr fr             fr fr PM, WV
Southern PochardNetta erythropthalma         E               1 record (1998)
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca U U U U fr fr fr fr U U U U PM, WV, SV
Greater ScaupAythya marila v v               v v v Occasional WV
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula C C C C U v v v U C C C PM, WV, OS
Common EiderSomateria mollissima                     E E 2 records (1942, 1979)
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca E                   E E 7 records, last on 2008
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis E                     E 6 records, last on 1986
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula v v v             v v v Occasional WV
SmewMergellus albellus v v v             v v v Occasional WV
GoosanderMergus merganser E                       2 records (1925, 2004)
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator r r r r r           r r PM, WV
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala U U U U           U U U WV
ACCIPITRIFORMES
Accipitridae
LammergeierGypaetus barbatus v v v   v           v v Occasional, resident population extinct
Rueppell's VultureGyps rueppelli         E               1 (pending) record (2014)
Eurasian Griffon VultureGyps fulvus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus r r r v v v v v r r r r PM, WV, OS (formerly bred)
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotus         E E       E     Occasional visitor, resident population extinct
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus v U F F F U U F F U v v PM, WV, SV
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla r r r           r r r r PM, WV, formerly bred and re-introduced
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos r r r r r r r r r r r r Resident
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliaca U U fr fr fr       fr fr U U PM, WV
Lesser Spotted EagleAquila pomarina r r F C F     fr C C U r PM, WV
Greater Spotted EagleAquila clanga U U U U v v v v v U U U PM, WV, OS (former resident)
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis fr C C C F         C C fr PM, WV
Tawny EagleAquila rapax E E E               E E 3-5 records, last on 2001
Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxii v v v v v v v v v v v v Occasional visitor
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatus   E E E E               8 records, last on 2015
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus v F C C C F F C C C U v PM, WV, SV
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus v v F F F       F F U v PM, WV
Bonelli's EagleHieraaetus fasciatus fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr Resident, PM, WV
Red KiteMilvus milvus E E E           E E E E Irregular PM, WV, last on 1992
Black KiteMilvus migrans F F C C C U U F F F F F PM, WV, SV (rare breeder)
Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus F F F F F v v U F F F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV (formerly bred)
Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus V V V E       E E   V V
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus U U U U           U U U PM, WV
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus v v U U     U U U U v v PM, WV
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus fr fr F F U     U F F U fr PM, WV, occasionally OS
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus E                     E 2 records (1984, 1985)
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus F F F U U U U U U U F F Resident, PM, WV
Common BuzzardButeo buteo F C C C C U r r U F F F PM, WV, occasional SV (very rare breeder)
European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorus       C C C   C C F U   PM
Crested Honey BuzzardPernis ptilorhynchus E E E fr fr     r r r     PM
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus F F F F F r r r r F F F PM, WV, SV
ShikraAccipiter badius       E             E   2 records (1987, 2005)
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes     U C C       C C     PM
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis fr fr fr r r       r r fr fr PM, WV
Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabates       E                 1 record (1979)
Pandionidae
OspreyPandion haliaetus U U U U fr fr fr U U U U U PM, WV
FALCONIFORMES
Falconidae
Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV
Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni r U F F F F F F F U r r PM, WV, SV
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus       U U fr   U F F U   PM
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo     U F F F F F F U U   PM, SV
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae       fr fr fr     fr fr fr   PM
Sooty FalconFalco concolor       r r U U U U U r   (PM), SV
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus U U U U U r v fr U U U U PM, WV, non-breeding SV, formerly bred
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinus U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident
MerlinFalco columbarius U U fr fr           fr U U PM, WV
Saker FalconFalco cherrug r r r v v       v v r r (PM), WV
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr Resident, PM, WV
GALLIFORMES
Phasianidae
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local)
ChukarAlectoris chukar C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyi C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix U F C C C fr fr fr C C U U PM, WV,SV
GRUIFORMES
Rallidae
CorncrakeCrex crex     U U U fr   fr fr fr     PM
Water RailRallus aquaticus F F F F U r r U F F F F PM, WV, OS (very rare breeder / Resident)
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana fr fr U U U     U U U fr fr PM, WV
Little CrakePorzana parva r U F F U r v U U U U r PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla v fr U U U r r fr fr fr r v PM, WV, non-breeding SV (formerly bred)
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus C C C F F F F F F C C C Resident, PM, WV, (SV)
Common CootFulica atra C C C C C F F F F C C C (Resident), PM, WV, SV (rare breeder)
Purple Swamp-henPorphyrio porphyrio v v v v v v v v v v v v Occasional WV, very rare breeder
Gruidae
Common CraneGrus grus C C C C U       U C C C PM, WV
Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo     v v v         v v v PM
Otididae
Great BustardOtis tarda E E                 E   6 records, last on 2008
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis maqueenii fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr Resident
Little BustardTetrax tetrax r r v               r r PM, WV
CHARADRIIFORMES
Rostratulidae
Painted SnipeRostratula benghalensis E   v v v v v v v v E E Occasional visitor, recorded breeding
Haematopodidae
Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus v r fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr v v PM (WV)
Recurvirostridae
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta U U F F F fr fr F F F U U PM, WV, SV (very rare breeder)
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus C C F F F F F F F F C C Resident, PM, WV, SV
Dromadidae
Crab PloverDromas ardeola           E E           3 records (1987, 1997)
Burhinidae
Stone-curlewBurhinus oedicnemus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV, SV
Senegal Thick-kneeBurhinus senegalensis             E           1 record (Jul, 2015)
Glareolidae
Cream-coloured CourserCursorius cursor U U U U U U U U U U U U (Resident), PM, WV, SV
Collard PratincoleGlareola pratincola     F C C U fr F F F U   PM, SV
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni     fr fr fr fr     U U U   PM
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum                   E     1 record (1999)
Charadriidae
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius v U F F F F F F F F F v PM, WV, SV (rare breeder)
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula F F C C C fr fr C C C C F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus F F F F F U U F F F F F Resident, PM, WV
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius v v               v v v Occasional visitor (irruptive)
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus       E                 Straggler
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii U F F F U fr fr U F F F U PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus   v r r r v v v v       PM
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola U U F F F fr fr F F F F U PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria F F U U U       U U F F PM, WV
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica                     E E 1 record (2008)
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva     v v v v v r r r r   PM
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus fr fr r r           r fr fr PM, WV
Black-headed LapwingVanellus tectus                         1 record (1869)
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus C C C F F r r r F F C C PM, WV, non-breeding SV (formerly bred)
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV, (SV)
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus E E               E   E 2 records (1991-92, 2001)
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius fr fr fr r r       r r fr fr PM, WV
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus r r fr fr r r r r fr fr fr r PM, WV
Scolopacidae
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris                   E E   2 records (1985, 1991)
Red KnotCalidris canutus E E v v v v v v r r E E PM (WV)
SanderlingCalidris alba U U F F F U U U F F F U PM, WV
DunlinCalidris alpina U U C C C U U C C C C U PM, WV
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea v     F F U U F F U v v PM, WV
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla         E               1 record (1989)
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis       E                 1 record (2003)
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii                   E     1 record (1998)
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis       E         E       1 record (2004)
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii U U F F F U U F F F F U PM, WV
Little StintCalidris minuta F C C C C F C C C C C F PM, WV
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta               E   E     2 records (1991, 2004)
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos     E   E     E E       7 records, last on 2008
Broad-billed SandpiperLimicola falcinellus       U U U fr U U U     PM
RuffPhilomachus pugnax U F C C C U U C C C F U PM, WV, OS
Great SnipeGallinago media     v v v v     v v v   PM
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago F C C C C U U U C C C F PM, WV
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus U U U U U         U U U PM, WV
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura                   E E E 6 recoeds, last on 2003
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola F F U U           U F F PM, WV
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus             E E         1 record (1984)
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa F F F F F U U U F F F F PM, WV
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica v   fr fr fr fr   fr fr fr v v PM, WV
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata fr U U U U r r U U U U fr PM, WV, non-breeding SV
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus r r fr fr fr r r fr fr fr r r PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostris                   E     1 record (1917)
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola fr U C C C C C C C C F fr PM, WV
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus F C C C C F F C C C C F PM, WV
Common RedshankTringa totanus F C C C U U C C C C C F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus F F F F F U F F F F F F PM, WV
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia U F F F F F U F F F F U PM, WV
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis U U F F F   U F F F F U PM, WV
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes           E     E       2 record (1977, 2008)
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus     r r r r fr fr r       PM
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos U U C C C F C C C C U U PM, WV
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres U U F F F F F F F F U U PM, WV
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicaria v   v v v v v   v v v v Occasional PM, WV
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus     r fr fr fr fr r r fr r   PM, (OS)
Stercorariidae
South Polar SkuaCatharus maccormicki           E             2 records (1983, 1992)
Great SkuaStercorarius skua     E   E           E   4 records, last on 1969
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus r r U U U U U U U U U r PM, WV, (non-breeding SV)
Parasitic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus U U U U F F F F F U U U PM, WV, (non-breeding SV)
Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudus     fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr     PM, (OS)
Laridae
Grey-headed GullLarus cirrocephalus     E E E     E E       3 records (all from 1989)
Brown-headed GullLarus brunnicephalus         E               1 record (1985)
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus C C C C C U U U C C C C PM, WV, SV
Slender-billed GullLarus genei F F F F F F F F F F F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Common GullLarus canus fr fr fr               fr fr PM, WV
Mediterranean GullLarus melanocephalus fr fr r r r r r r   r fr fr PM, WV, OS
Audouin's GullLarus audouinii v v v v v v v v v v v v Occasional
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus v v v E E       E v E v Occasional PM, WV
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus F F C C C U U C C C F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Herring GullLarus argentatus E                       1 record (1987)
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident (rare), PM, WV
Armenian GullLarus armenicus C C C C F U U F F C C C PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans F F F U fr r r F F F F F WV, PM
Pallas's GullLarus ichthyaetus F F F U U             F PM, WV
Little GullLarus minutus F U U U U r r r U U U F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla fr fr r r           r r r (PM), WV
Sabine's GullLarus sabini           E E E         2 records (1989, 1992)
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus       E                 1 record (1914)
Sooty GullLarus hemprichii       E E E       E E   5 records (1983, 1989-92, 1998)
White-eyed GullLarus leucophthalmus U U U U F F F F U U U U Local, non-breeding at the gulf of Eilat
Franklin's GullLarus pipixcan           E E           2 records (2003, 2006)
Sternidae
Saunders's TernSterna saundersi       E E E E           Straggler
Little TernSterna albifrons E     F F F F F F F   E PM, SV (Fr breeding)
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis F F F U U fr fr fr U F F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
Gull-Billed TernSterna nilotica     fr F F fr fr F F fr     PM
Common TernSterna hirundo     F C C C C C C F   v PS, SV
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea         v r r v         Non-breeding SV at the Gulf of Eilat, Straggler at Med
Roseate TernSterna dougallii               E E   E   3 records (1982, 1987, 1989)
Caspian TernSterna caspia U U U U U U U U U U U U Local at the gulf of Eilat, very rare elsewhere
Greater Crested TernSterna bergii     v v v v v E     E E Occasional visitor
Lesser Crested TernSterna bengalensis     fr fr fr fr fr fr fr       Non-breeding SV at the Gulf of Eilat, Straggler at Med.
Sooty TernSterna fuscata             E E         4 records (1980, 1981, 1988)
Bridled TernSterna anaethetus           fr fr fr         Non-breeding SV at Eilat, straggler at Med.
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa       fr fr fr fr fr         Non-breeding SV at Eilat, Occasional at Med
Black TernChlidonias niger       fr fr fr fr fr fr fr     PM, non-breeding SV (formerly bred)
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus       F C C F C C F F   PM, non-breeding SV (rare)
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridus U U U F F F U F F U U U PM, WV (local), non-breeding SV
Rynchopidae
African SkimmerRynchops flavirostris             E           1 record (1934)
PTEROCLIDIFORMES
Pteroclididae
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident, WV
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident, WV
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident
Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident (local)
COLUMBIFORMES
Columbidae
Rock DoveColumba livia C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Stock DoveColumba oenas F F F             F F F PM, WV
Wood PigeonColumba palumbus F F fr             fr F F PM, WV (local)
African Collared DoveStreptopelia roseogrisea E E E               E E Occasional
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turtur     F C C C C C C F U   PM, SV (rare in winter)
Oriental Turtle DoveStreptopelia orientalis                 E E     4 records, last on 2007
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Namaqua DoveOena capensis fr fr U U U U U U U U fr fr (Resident), SV (local)
CUCULIFORMES
Cuculidae
Diederik CuckooChrysococcyx caprius     E                   1 record (1994)
Common CuckooCuculus canorus   U U U U U U U U U U   PM, SV
Oriental CuckooCuculus saturatus               E         1 record (1985)
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius v U F F F F F F F U U v PM, WV, SV
STRIGIFORMES
Tytonidae
Barn OwlTyto alba C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Strgidae
Tawny OwlStrix aluco U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident (local)
Hume's OwlStrix butleri U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident
Eurasian Eagle OwlBubo bubo U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident
Pharaoh Eagle OwlBubu ascalaphus r r r r r r r r r r r r Resident in desert regions
Brown Fish OwlBubo zeylonensis x x x x x x x x x x x x Extinct, last recorded 1975
Long-eared OwlAsio otus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus fr fr fr fr fr r r r r fr fr fr PM, WV, SV
Little OwlAthene noctua C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scops r U U F F F F F F U U r PM, WV, SV
Pallid Scops OwlOtus brucei fr fr r               r fr WV, recorded breeding in the past
CAPRIMULGIFORMES
Caprimulgidae
European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus r r U F F U r r F F U r PM, WV, SV (recorded breeding)
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius   v r r r v   v v v     PM, recorded breeding
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus r r r r r r r r r r r r Resident (local), SV
APODIFORMES
Apodidae
Common SwiftApus apus F C C C C C C C C C U U PM, WV, SV
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus U C C C C C C C F F fr fr PM, WV, SV
Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba U C C C F F F C C C C U PM, WV, SV
Little SwiftApus affinis F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local), PM, (SV)
CORACIIFORMES
Alcedinidae
Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis F F F U U r U F F F F F PM, WV, non-breeding SV
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Meropidae
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster     F C C C C C C C U   PM, SV
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus     fr U U fr fr U U fr fr   PM, SV
Little Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local)
PSITTACIFORMES
Psittacidae
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameri C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident -introduced
Black-hooded ParakeetNandayus nenday U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident -introduced (local)
Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident -introduced
CORACIIFORMES
Coraciidae
European RollerCoracias garrulus     F F F F F F F U U   PM, SV
Upopidae
Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV, (SV)
PICIFORMES
Picidae
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla r U F F U v v U F F U r PM, WV, occasional SV, recorded breeding
PASSERIFORMES
Alaudidae
Common SkylarkAlauda arvensis C C C F           C C C PM, WV
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula fr fr fr fr r       r fr fr fr PM, WV
Crested LarkGalerida cristata C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
WoodlarkLullula arborea F F F fr fr fr fr fr fr F F F PM, WV, SV (local)
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla fr C C C U U U C C C U fr PM, WV, SV
Hume's Short-toed LarkCalandrella acutirostris   E                     1 record (1986)
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local), PM, WV
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cincturus U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident (local), (SV)
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni v v v v v v v v v v v v Irruptive nomadic visitor and casual breeder, usually absent
Black-crowned Sparrow-larkEremopterix nigriceps v v v v v v         v   Occsional visitor
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-LarkEremopterix signata         E               1 record (1983)
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local), WV, (SV)
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata v r U U fr fr fr fr r r r v PM (irruptive), WV, SV
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey E v r r v           E   Nomadic & occsional breeder
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident, SV(local)
Temminck's (Horned) LarkEremophila bilopha U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident, SV, PM
Hoopoe LarkAlaemon alaudipes r r r r r r r r r r r r Resident (local), very rare in recent years
Hirundinidae
Sand MartinRiparia riparia r F C C C F F C C C U r PM, WV, non-breeding SV (formerly bred)
Plain MartinRiparia paludicola         E               3 records (1986, 1989, 2003)
Eurasian Crag MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris F F F U r r r r r U F F PM, WV, SV (local)
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, (PM), (WV)
Ethiopian SwallowHirundo aethiopica         E               1 record (1991)
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident (local), PM, WV, SV
Red-rumped SwallowHirundo daurica v F F F F F F F F F F v PM, WV, SV
Common House MartinDelichon urbica r C C C C F F C C C C r PM, WV, SV
Motacillidae
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris fr F F F F U fr F F F F fr PM, SV, WV
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi r r fr fr r v     r U U r PM, WV
Blyth's PipitAnthus godlewskii                 E   E   4 records, last on 2008
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta C C C fr fr         fr C C PM, WV
Buff-bellied PipitAnthus rubescens fr fr fr r           r fr fr PM, WV
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis C C C U           U C C PM, WV
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis r C C C C U     C C C r PM, WV
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni r r r v           r r r PM, WV
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus F C C C C F     C C C F PM, WV
White WagtailMotacilla alba C C C C U fr fr fr U C C C PM, WV, SV
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava v C C C C U U C C C C v PM, SV
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola U U U U U U   U U U U U PM, WV
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea F F F F F     F F F F F PM, WV
Pycnonotidae
Spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Bombycillidae
Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus E                   E E 3 record (1966-67, 1978)
Grey HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus E E E E             E E Occasional PM
Troglodytidae
WrenTroglodytes troglodytes U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident, WV
Prunellidae
DunnockPrunella modularis U U U U           U U U PM, WV
Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris v v v               v v WV
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis v v v             v v v WV
Black-throated AccentorPrunella atrogularis E E E                   1 record (1982)
Turdidae
European RobinErithacus rubecula C C C U r r r r r C C C PM, WV, OS
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos     F C F F F F F U     PM, SV
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia     U U F U   U F U U   PM
Rufous Bush RobinCercotrichas galactotes     U F F F F F F       PM, SV
Black Bush RobinCercotrichas podobe     r r r r             PM
BluethroatLuscinia svecica C C C F         fr C C C PM, WV
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus E                   E E 1 record (1996)
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis       r r r r v v       PM, SV (local at Hermon)
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus v U C C C U   U C C F v PM, WV
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros C C C fr fr fr fr fr fr fr C C PM, WV, SV (local)
Eversmann's RedstartPhoenicurus erythronota                     E   1 record (1988)
BlackstartCercomela melanura C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra     U fr fr U   U fr fr fr   PM
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola C C C U           U C C PM, WV
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata E                 E     6 records, last on 2002
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe r r C C C fr fr fr C C F r PM, WV, SM (local)
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina fr fr C C fr U U F C C C fr Resident, PM, WV, SV
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident, PM, WV
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica   F C C C C C C C C F   PM, SV
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka     r r v       v r v   PM
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca   fr fr fr         v v v   PM
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii F F F v v v v v   U F F PM, WV, SV (local)
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monacha U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopyga F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna v v v v         v v v v occasional WV & PM
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe chrysopygia       E                 1 record (1990)
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta v v v v v v v v v v v v Casual resident breeder
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis     fr fr fr r r r fr fr fr   PM, SV (local)
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos C C C C           fr C C PM, WV
RedwingTurdus iliacus U U U r             U U PM, WV (rare in some years)
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus fr fr fr r             fr fr PM, WV (rare in some years)
FieldfareTurdus pilaris U U U r           r U U PM, WV (rare in some years)
Common BlackbirdTurdus merula C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus v v v v           v v v PM, WV (irregular)
Dark-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollis E E                 E E Occasional PM, WV
Dusky ThrushTurdus naumanni                     E   1 record (1982)
Eye-browed ThrushTurdus obscurus                   E E   2 records (1996. 2007)
Sylviidae
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, (PM)
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident
Common Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia     E         E E       8 records, last on 1992
Pallas's Grasshopper WarblerLocustella certhiola   E                     1 record (1983)
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis   v v r fr r   v r r v   PM
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides r F F F U U U F F F r r PM, WV, SB
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus U C C C C U U fr C C C   PM, WV
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon F F F U fr fr fr fr fr U F F PM, WV, SB
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum         E       E E     Occasional
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola     E             E E   Occasional
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris       fr fr fr   U U U U   PM
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus v U F F F U r U F F U v
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local), PM
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus r U C C C C C C C C U r PM, WV, SV
Oriental Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis   E E E E               2 records (1988, 1990)
Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldis     v v v v v   v       Occasional
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina       r fr r   r fr r     PM
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum       fr U fr fr fr r       PM, SV
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida       r U U U r         PM (irregular), SV (local)
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerHippolais pallida     F C C C C C F U     PM, SV
Booted WarblerHippolais caligata E E E E E     E E E E E Occasional
Sykes's WarblerHippolais rama E E E E E     E E E E E Occasional
Garden WarblerSylvia borin       U F U   U F fr fr   PM
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria       U U r   r r r     PM
BlackcapSylvia atricapilla U F C C C F F F C C C U PM, WV, SV
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis   U F F F F F F F U     PM, SV
Arabian WarblerSylvia leucomelaena U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident (local)
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca v C C C C F F C C C C v PM, WV (local), SV
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV, (SV)
Ménétries's WarblerSylvia mystacea E E r r           v v E PM, WV
Cyprus WarblerSylvia melanothorax fr U U r           r U fr PM, WV
Rüppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli   U F F U     r r r     PM
Common WhitethroatSylvia communis   F C C C F F F F F U   PM, SV
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local), (PM), WV
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans   r fr fr r     v v v     PM
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana U U U fr           fr U U PM, WV
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus   U U F F U   C C C C U PM
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix     U F F     U U U     PM
Balkan (Eastern Bonelli's) WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis   U F F U fr fr U fr fr fr   PM, SV (irregular breeder)
ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita C C C fr U         C C C PM, WV
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus     E             E     3 records (1989, 1997)
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarzi                   E     2 record (1982, 1991)
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianus                   E     1 record (1983)
Green WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides nitidus         E     E   E     3 records (1987, 2004, 2008)
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus r r r v           r r r WV, PM
Hume's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus humei v v v v           v v v WV, PM
Pallas's WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus   E E E           E     3 records (1991, 1992, 1998)
GoldcrestRegulus regulus r r r               r r (PM), WV (irregular)
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillus                       E 1 record (2011)
Muscicapidae
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva E E v r r       r fr fr E PM (WV)
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata     U C C F F F C C C U PM, SV
Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca     F F F     r r r     PM
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis     F F F     r fr fr     PM
Semi-collared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata     fr fr r       r r r   PM
Tmaliidae
Arabian BabblerTurdoides squamiceps C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Paridae
Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus v v v v           v v v WV (irregular), last recorded on 1995
Great TitParus major C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Coal TitParus ater E E                     Occasional WV
Sombre TitParus lugubris F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local at Hermon)
Sittidae
Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident (local at Hermon)
Tichodromadidae
WallcreeperTichodroma muraria r r r v             v r WV
Remizidae
Eurasian Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus U U U U r v v v v U U U PM, WV, (OS)
Nectariniidae
Palestine SunbirdNectarinia osea C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Oriolidae
Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus       U U U v U U U U   PM, (SV)
Dicruridae
Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeus                       E 1 (pending) record (2014)
Laniidae
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio       F F F F C C C U   PM, SV (local)
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus r r r r v v v   r fr fr r PM, WV
Turkestan ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides E     v v         E E   Very rare passage migrant
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator r U F F F F F F F U     PM, SV
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus     C C C F F F C C U E PM, SV
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach E E                 E E 1 record (1982-83)
Southern Grey ShrikeLanius excubitor F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, PM, WV
Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minor       U U v v U U U U   PM, (non-breeding SV)
Corvidae
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Western JackdawCorvus monedula C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax         E E             1 record (1972)
Alpine ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus r r r r v v v v v v v r WV (local wanderer at Hermon)
RookCorvus frugilegus F F U r r r r r r U F F (PM), WV, OS (irregular)
Hooded CrowCorvus corone cornix C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Common RavenCorvus corax fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr fr Resident
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident
House CrowCorvus splendens F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident - Introduced (local)
Sturnidae
Common MynaAcridotheres tristis C C C C C C C C C C C C Invasive, spraeding rapidly
Vinous-breasted MynaAcridotheres burmannicus F F F F F F F F F F F F Invasive.
Corvidae
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipdurus U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident (local)
Sturnidae
Tristram's StarlingOnychognathus tristramii F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, (nomadic)
Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris C C C U v v v v v F C C (PM), WV, non-breeding SV
Rose-Coloured StarlingSturnus roseus E E E r fr r   r r r r   PM (WV)
Passeridae
House SparrowPasser domesticus C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus E E E               E E Occasional WV
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident and dispersal (local)
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident (local)
Estrildidae
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabarica F F F F F F F F F F F F Resident, spreading
Passeridae
Chestnut-shouldered SparrowPetronia xanthocollis     E   E           E   2-3 records (1982, 2001-2)
Pale RockfinchPetronia brachydactyla   fr fr fr fr fr r v v       PM, SV (local, irregular)
Fringillidae
Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs C C C F v v v v v F C C PM, WV, (OS)
BramblingFringilla montifringilla F F F fr           fr F F PM, WV (irregular)
Common LinnetCarduelis cannabina C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV
European GreenfinchCarduelis chloris C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, PM, WV
Eurasian SiskinCarduelis spinus F F F F           fr F F PM, WV (irregular)
European SerinSerinus serinus C C C F F F F F F F C C Resident (local), PM, WV
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacus U U U F F F F F F F U U PM, WV (local), SV (local)
Red-Fronted SerinSerinus pusillus r r r               r r PM, WV (local)
Common CrossbillLoxia curvirostra v v v v v v v v v v v v WV (irregular), OS, occasionally breeds
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes U U U fr             U U PM, WV (local, irregular)
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis                       E 1 record1, 2013
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus v v r r r     r r r r v PM, WV
Sinai RosefinchCarpodacus synoicus U U U U U U U U U U U U resident (local), WV
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident & dispersal
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguinea     F F F F F F F U U U SV (WV) (local at Hermon)
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta C C C C C C C C C C C C Resident, (PM), WV, (SV)
Emberizidae
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra C C C C C C C C C C C C (Resident), WV, SV
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus F F F E E E E E E F F F PM, WV, SV
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla E E E E           v v v PM (WV)
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica   E E E           v v v PM
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana     U C C r r C C C U U PM, SV (local)
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia   F C C C F F C C F     PM, SV
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella U U U               U U WV
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos r r r               r r WV (local)
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineracea     fr fr r     r r       PM
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza bruniceps         E               2 records (1979, 2010)
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala       U F F F U U U     PM, SV (local)
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola         E       E E E   Occasional PM
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia F F F U U U U U U F F F Resident (local), WV
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata U U U U U U U U U U U U Resident & dispersive (localy common)
Total species: 538

References:

  • The Israeli Rarities and Distribution Committee (IRDC)
  • "The Birds of Israel" (Shirihai, 1996)
  • Checklist of the Birds of Israel by Arnon Tsairi.
Relevant keywords and search phrases for this page:

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Oriental Skylark
(Alauda Gulgula) Mitzpe Ramon, Oct.05

Great Cormorant
(Phalacrocorax carbo) Acre, Jan-06

Collared Pratincole
(Glareola pratincola) Eilat salt pans, Apr.06
 
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